The Sputnik crisis was a period of public fear and anxiety in Western nations about the perceived technological gap between the United States and Soviet Union caused by the Soviets’ launch of Sputnik 1, the world’s first artificial satellite.
The satellite was launched on October 4, 1957, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
Why did the launch of Sputnik worry?
If the Soviets could launch a satellite, they could build a missile which would reach the U.S. As a result of Sputnik, defense spending was greatly increased, and a renewed emphasis on science and mathematics commenced in American schools. It was because of Sputnik that NASA was created.
What was the purpose of the Sputnik?
Sputnik 1 was the first human-made object to orbit the Earth. Designed and launched by the Soviets in 1957, Sputnik sparked the space race between the Soviet Union and the United States.
What did the US do in response to the launch of Sputnik?
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration began in 1958 as a reaction to Sputnik and as a means for turning missiles into launch vehicles for America’s civilian space efforts.
What happened during Sputnik?
History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. The world’s first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball (58 cm.or 22.8 inches in diameter), weighed only 83.6 kg. or 183.9 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path.